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Table 2 Sensitivity, specificity and Kappa for LBP screening survey compared to clinical assessment (n = 189)

From: Low back pain risk factors in a large rural Australian Aboriginal community. An opportunity for managing co-morbidities?

Survey results Clinical Assessment    
  Negative Positive Total Sensitivity Specificity Kappa coefficient
Negative 43 21 64 0.83 0.63 0.46
Positive 25 100 125    
Total 68 121 189