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Table 3 Predictors of Intra-professional Referral Patterns

From: Intra-professional and inter-professional referral patterns of chiropractors

Predictors Do you recommend initiating a formal referral with a DC? OR (95% CI) Have you refused a referral from a DC? OR (95% CI) Has a DC obtained clinical info or advice via curbside consultation? OR (95% CI) Have you obtained clinical info or curbside consultation from a DC? OR (95% CI)
Age (in years)     
   26–35 0.79 (0.37 – 1.66) 0.22 (0.05 – 0.92) ¥ 2.97 (1.17 – 7.52) ¥ 5.02 (1.92 – 13.10) ¥
   36–45 0.62 (0.31 – 1.22) 0.52 (0.19 – 1.43) 2.33 (1.03 – 5.22) ¥ 2.16 (1.04 – 4.47) ¥
   46–55 0.68 (0.35 – 1.35) 0.71 (0.28 – 1.82) 1.32 (0.63 – 2.76) 2.14 (1.04 – 4.39) ¥
   >55* 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sex     
   Male 0.76 (0.44 – 1.30) 1.04 (0.42 – 2.59) 1.17 (0.60 – 2.30) 0.88 (0.44 – 1.76)
   Female* 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
DC Type     
   Use ddx 1.36 (0.51 – 3.59) 1.83 (0.23 – 14.44) 1.39 (0.44 – 4.42) 1.15 (0.36 – 3.70)
   No ddx* 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Number of Cases 342 392 398 390
Model Fit p-value 0.89 0.97 0.39 0.37
  1. * = Reference
  2. ¥ = Significant at p < 0.05
  3. Use ddx = DCs who performed differential diagnosis in their chiropractic examination and assessment of a patient's condition.
  4. No ddx = DCs who only assessed their patients for "subluxation", that is, segmental spinal lesion/dysfunction.