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Table 4 Predictors of Inter-professional Referral Patterns

From: Intra-professional and inter-professional referral patterns of chiropractors

Predictors Do you recommend initiating a formal referral with a MD? OR (95% CI) Have you referred a patient to an MD for evaluation or treatment? OR (95% CI) Has an MD obtained clinical info or advice via curbside consultation? OR (95% CI) Have you obtained clinical info or curbside consultation from an MD? OR (95% CI)
Age (in years)     
   26–35 0.99 (0.50 – 1.98) 0.65 (0.20 – 2.07) 0.95 (0.46 – 1.92) 1.35 (0.70 – 2.61)
   36–45 1.23 (0.64 – 2.35) 0.97 (0.30 – 3.13) 0.88 (0.45 – 1.70) 1.22 (0.66 – 2.26)
   46–55 0.86 (0.46 – 1.63) 0.72 (0.23 – 2.22) 1.15 (0.60 – 2.18) 1.56 (0.85 – 2.87)
   >55* 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sex     
   Male 1.15 (0.69 – 1.91) 1.66 (0.77 – 3.61) 1.38 (0.82 – 2.34) 1.08 (0.67 – 1.72)
   Female* 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
DC Type     
   Use ddx 4.65 (1.66 – 12.99)¥ 4.51 (1.59 – 12.75)¥ 2.08 (0.68 – 6.34) 2.54 (0.96 – 6.70)
   No ddx* 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Number of Cases 365 399 400 397
Model Fit p-value 0.41 0.80 0.78 0.98
  1. * = Reference
  2. ¥ = Significant at p < 0.05
  3. Use ddx = DCs who performed differential diagnosis in their chiropractic examination and assessment of a patient's condition.
  4. No ddx = DCs who only assessed their patients for "subluxation", that is, segmental spinal lesion/dysfunction.