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Table 5 Sensitivity and specificity of orthopaedic tests for lumbar radiculopathy

From: Accuracy of spinal orthopaedic tests: a systematic review

Authors No. of Subjects Test Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) QUADAS Score
Poiraudeau et al [14] 78 Bell (E1) 37 63  
   Bell (E2) 49 62  
   Bell (E3) 53 63  
   Hyperextension (E1) 40 72  
   Hyperextension (E2) 46 59  
   Hyperextension (E3) 47 71 10
   SLR (E1) 77 39  
   SLR (E2) 83 36  
   SLR (E3) 79 37  
   Crossed SLR (E1) 31 89  
   Crossed SLR (E2) 32 74  
   Crossed SLR (E3) 35 86  
Kosteljanetz et al [22] 55 SLR 33 87 7
   Crossed SLR   100  
Lauder et al [24] 170 SLR 19 84 6
  1. E1 = Examiner 1; E2 = Examiner 2; E3 = Examiner 3