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Table 1 Yellow flags: Psychosocial factors which may contribute to long-term distress, disability and chronic pain.

From: A descriptive report of management strategies used by chiropractors, as reviewed by a single independent chiropractic consultant in the Australian workers compensation system

Factors important in predicting poor outcomes:
   • Belief that pain is harmful or disabling
   • Fear-avoidance behaviour and reduced activity
   • Tendency to low mood and social withdrawal
   • Dependence on passive treatment rather than active participation