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Table 3 Hill's Criteria of Causation Applied to Subluxation

From: An epidemiological examination of the subluxation construct using Hill's criteria of causation

  Criteria Result
1 Strength There were no studies that found a relative risk or odds ratio linking subluxation
2 Consistency Subluxation has not been noted to be consistently found across any studies in different people, places, circumstances or time.
3 Specificity There were no studies that linked disease with subluxation of any specificity. Other exposures (variables) or explanations can be given to the disease complex.
4 Temporal sequence There were no studies suggestive of a temporal sequence linking subluxation with disease
5 Dose response There were no studies found linking incidence of disease with magnitude of the subluxation
6 Experimental evidence There were no consistent studies demonstrating subluxation in the animal model
7 Biological plausibility No studies were found that offered reproducible evidence to suggest a biological plausibility of the subluxation construct.
8 Coherence There were no studies that indicated a credible level of coherence
9 Analogy There were no studies suggestive of a casual association via a similar agent.