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Table 2 Typical clinical findings of an acute lumbar facet syndrome according to 32 European chiropractors participating in the structured group discussion.

From: The clinical aspects of the acute facet syndrome: results from a structured discussion among European chiropractors

Orthopaedic examination
Kemp's test (sitting rotation and extension) 7 (88%)
Pain and/or decreased extension 4 (50%)
Pain and/or decreased extension + lateral flexion 3 (38%)
No neurological involvement 3 (38%)
Springing test (prone segmental extension) 2 (25%)
Relief in supine flexion with knees bent 1 (13%)
Painful end range of motion in all directions 1 (13%)
Pain on prone active extension 1 (13%)
Yeoman's test modified for lumbar segmental extension 1 (13%)
Decreased contralateral rotation 1 (13%)
Palpatory tenderness 1 (13%)
Chiropractic examination
Static palpation (pain) 8 (100%)
Motion palpation (decreased motion) 8 (100%)
Local muscle spasm 2 (25%)
Motion palpation (pain) 2 (25%)
Oedema 1 (13%)
Antalgia 1 (13%)
Springing test 1 (13%)
Applied Kinesiology challenge 1 (13%)
Break in curvature on lateral flexion 1 (13%)
  1. Keywords noted by the groups. Reported as number and percentages of the eight groups.