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Table 4 Overview of findings from the literature combined with the findings from the workshop described in the present study.

From: The clinical aspects of the acute facet syndrome: results from a structured discussion among European chiropractors

Location of pain in patients with lumbar facet syndrome
Study local paraspinal thigh/groin calf/foot  
Fairbank 1981 - - pos. neg.  
Lippitt 1984 pos. pos. pos. -  
Lewinneck 1986 - pos. - -  
Helbig 1988 - pos. pos. neg.  
Results from present study pos. - pos. neg.  
Painful movements in patients with lumbar facet syndrome
Study flexion extension/hyper-extension rotation rising from flexion rising from sitting
Fairbank 1981 pos. - - - -
Lippitt 1984 - pos. - - -
Helbig 1986 - pos. pos. - -
Revel 1992 neg. neg. neg. neg. -
Markwalder 1994 neg. pos. - - -
Schwarzer 1995 no no no - -
Revel 1998 neg. neg. neg. neg. -
Manchikanti 2000 no no no - -
Young 2003 - - - - pos.
Laslett 2004 - - - neg. -
Laslett 2006 - pos. pos. - -
Results from present study - pos. pos. - -
Signs of nerve root compression in patients with lumbar facet syndrome
Study 'No sign of nerve root compression/tension' No aggravation with straight leg raising No pain coughing   
Lippitt 1984 pos. - -   
Lewinneck 1986 pos. - -   
Helbig 1988 neg. - -   
Jackson1988 pos. - -   
Schwarzer 1995 - no -   
Revel 1992 - - pos.   
Revel 1998 - - pos.   
Manchikanti 1999 - pos. -   
Manchikanti 2000 - pos. -   
Manchikanti 2000 - pos. no   
Laslett 2004 - - pos.   
Results from present study pos. - -   
Pain relieving positions in patients with lumbar facet syndrome
Study Sitting Supine/recumbent Walking   
Revel 1992 - pos. -   
Revel 1998 - pos. -   
Manchikanti 2000 - pos. -   
Laslett 2006 pos. - pos.   
Results from present study - pos. pos.   
  1. pos: positive association
  2. neg.: negative association
  3. no: no association
  4. -: not investigated