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Table 1 Overview of the questionnaires used in the study

From: Feasibility of the STarT back screening tool in chiropractic clinics: a cross-sectional study of patients with low back pain

Questionnaire Intended to evaluate Possible range of scores Sub-divisions used
SBT Risk of chronicity 0 - 9 (overall) Low risk: Overall < 4
   0 - 5 (psychological sub score) Medium risk: Overall ≥ 4 and psych. sub scale < 4
    High Risk: Psych. sub scale ≥ 4
MDI Depression 0 - 50 > 24: depressed
FABQ Fear Avoidance Beliefs 0 - 66 > 48: high fear avoidance
CSQ Use of six coping strategies. Catastrophising was the only domain used for the present study Catastrophising: 0 - 36 ≥ 16: high use of catastrophising
  1. SBT: STarT back screening tool. MDI: Major depression inventory.
  2. FABQ: Fear avoidance beliefs questionnaire. CSQ: Coping strategies questionnaire.