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Table 2 Attitudes, facilitators, barriers and confidence of using EBP

From: International web survey of chiropractic students about evidence-based practice: a pilot study

  Strongly Disagree Disagree Slightly Disagree Slightly Agree Agree Strongly Agree Mean* SD
Attitudes         
1.I think that chiropractic is composed of a balanced combination between philosophy, art and science. (n = 636) 2.2 7.2 5.0 13.1 36.2 36.3 4.8 1.3
2. I think that the use of research evidence is an important factor in chiropractic care. (n = 636) 0.6 1.4 1.3 8.2 33.3 55.2 5.4 0.9
3. I think that research evidence has little impact on chiropractic care. (n = 631) 37.6 36.1 12.7 6.2 4.6 2.9 2.1 1.3
4. I think that evidence- based practice is a temporary fad. (n = 631) 38.4 35.8 13.2 6.8 3.6 1.9 2.1 1.2
5. I feel that I need more training in evidence- based practice to be able to apply research evidence into chiropractic care. (n = 635) 5.7 11.5 12.1 25.0 30.9 14.8 4.1 1.4
6. I find it easy to understand research evidence. (n = 635) 2.4 6.3 15.0 32.0 34.6 9.8 4.2 1.1
Facilitators         
1. I feel that my institution incorporates research evidence into chiropractic education well. (n = 592) 4.2 7.4 11.5 27.4 38.0 11.5 4.2 1.3
2. I have a good teacher(s) at my institution who is(are) familiar with evidence-based practice principles.(n = 591) 2.5 3.0 6.4 18.8 41.8 27.4 4.8 1.2
3. I have at least one good role model of chiropractor who is familiar with evidence-based practice principles.(n = 592) 1.7 6.6 7.1 16.0 37.3 31.3 4.7 1.2
Barriers         
1. I am comfortable reading research evidence in English. (n = 572) 2.8 0.2 1.0 7.0 32.5 56.5 5.4 1.0
2. I have enough time to search medical/healthcare literature. (n = 570) 9.8 21.4 19.5 28.8 17.2 3.3 3.3 1.3
3. I have enough time to read medical/healthcare literature. (n = 570) 8.4 20.5 23.0 30.2 15.6 2.3 3.3 1.3
  Not confident at all Not very confident Slightly not Confident Slightly Confident Confident Very Confident Mean† SD
Confidence         
1. Assessing study design (n = 572) 7.2 12.5 11.6 36.6 26.5 5.6 3.8 1.3
2. Evaluating bias (n = 572) 4.7 7.4 10.4 31.8 37.1 8.6 4.2 1.2
3. Evaluating the adequacy of sample size (n = 570) 5.5 6.7 10.8 28.0 39.2 9.9 4.2 1.3
4. Assessing generalisability (n = 572) 5.4 8.6 14.8 30.4 34.3 6.5 4.0 1.3
5. Evaluating statistical tests/principles (n = 570) 7.4 14.1 18.2 33.2 22.2 4.9 3.6 1.3
6. Assessing the general worth of research articles (n = 570) 4.1 5.6 9.7 30.9 41.8 7.9 4.3 1.2
  1. Numbers listed are percentages unless otherwise noted.
  2. *Mean scores for Attitudes, Facilitators and Barriers: Likert scale where 1 = Strongly Disagree and 6 = Strongly Agree.
  3. †Mean scores for Confidence: Likert scale where 1 = Not confident at all and 6 = Very confident.