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Table 3 Back pain definitions and age related information for all included articles

From: Does back and neck pain become more common as you get older? A systematic literature review

Author country year of publication Definition of BP (1) Severity of BP (2) Chronicity (3) Age range Age groups relevant for present review Significantly higher prevalence of BP immediately after than immediately before 60 (yes/no) Significantly higher prevalence of BP as age increases after 60 (yes/no) Comments
Andrianakos[9] Greece 2003 LBP Present or Not described Not described 19- 49-58; 59-68; 69- (1) No (1) No Prevalence estimates decrease non-significantly in the oldest (≥69) age group for NP
  recurrent either        
  radiating or not        
  NP present or recurrent either radiating or not        
Freburger[10] USA 2009 LBP (but not NP) past yr Not described Chronic 21- 45-54; 55-64; 65- (3) No (3) No  
Goode[11] USA 2010 NP (but not LBP) past yr Not described Chronic 21- 45-54; 55-64; 65- (3) No (3) No Prevalence estimate decreases significantly in the oldest (≥65) age group
Guez[12] Sweden 2002 NP Not described Chronic (continuous NP >6 months) 25- 55-64; 65-74; 75-79 (1) No for both definitions (1) No for both definitions Prevalence estimate for chronic NP decreases in the oldest (≥65) age groups
  NP >6 months        
       (3) No for both definitions (3) No for both definitions  
Hartvigsen[13] Denmark 2004 BP (only) past BP: Not described NP: stiffness or pain Not described 70-102 70-102 N/A (1) No  
  month        
  Neck/shoulder        
  pain (only) past month        
  Both NP and BP past month        
Keenan[14] UK 2006 NP >6 wks last 3 Any pain, swelling, and/or stiffness Not described 55- 55-64; 65-74; ≥ 75 N/A (1) No for both definitions  
  months        
  BP >6 wks last 3 months        
Parsons[15] UK 2007 NP past month Moderately to severely troublesome pain Chronic (lasting for 3 months or more) 18-101 45-54; 55-64; 65-74; 75-101 (1) No for all definitions (1) No for all definitions Chronic BP based on the Chronic Pain Grade scale II-IV
  upper back past      (2) No for all definitions (2) No for all definitions  
  month      (3) No for all definitions (3) No for all definitions  
  LBP past month        
Picavet[16] Netherlands 2003 LBP past yr Not described in relation to age Unclear in relation to age 25- 45-54; 55-64; 65-74; 75- (1) No for all definitions (1) No for all definitions Prevalence estimates decrease non-significantly with age. For current higher BP this was significantly lower.
  Current NP        
  Current LBP        
  Current higher BP        
Santos-Eggimann[17] Switzerland 2000 LBP >7 Not described Not described 25-74 45-54; 55-64; 65-74 (1) No for both definitions (1) No for both definitions Prevalence estimates increase non-significantly with age for women in both definitions, and for men with LBP >30
  cumulated days        
  past yr        
  LBP >30 cumulative days past yr        
Strine[18] USA 2007 LBP (not NP) Not described Not described 18- 45-54; 54-64; 65- (1) No for all definitions (1) No for NP and LBP only, but yes for combined NP and LBP Prevalence estimates decrease significantly in the oldest (≥65) age group for combined NP and LBP
  ≥1 day past 3        
  months        
  NP (not LBP) ≥1 day past 3 months        
  Both NP and ≥1 day past 3 months        
Thomas[19] UK 2004 NP ≥1 day past Not described Not described 50- 50-59; 60-69; 70-79; 80- (1) No for both definitions (1) No for both definitions Prevalence estimates decreases significantly between 60-69 and 70-79 for LBP and NP
  month        
  LBP ≥1 day past        
  month        
Webb[20] UK 2003 NP ≥1wk past Intense Chronic 16- 45-64; 65-74; 75- N/A (1) An increase in NP for men, otherwise decreasing with age Significance cannot be determined due to missing information (sample sizes). There is a general A-shape across the 3 age groups, but with a few variations.
  month        
  BP ≥1wk past month Disabling      (2) Generally an increase from 45-64 to 65-74 in women, but not in men  
  NP and/or BP ≥1wk past month       (3) Generally an increase from 45-64 to 65-74 in women, but not in men  
  1. * (1), (2), and (3) refer to type of pain reported.
  2. LBP = low back pain; NP = neck pain; = back pain.
  3. N/A = not applicable.