Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate logistic regression analysis of potential predictors at baseline for improvement at 1 week in acute and chronic patients

From: Predictors of outcome in neck pain patients undergoing chiropractic care: comparison of acute and chronic patients

Predictor variable Acute (N = 217) Chronic (N = 190)
  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value
Gender (male) 0.84 (0.44 to 1.61) 0.61 0.85 (0.46 to 1.59) 0.62
*Age (higher) 0.99 (0.97 to 1.02) 0.60 1.00 (0.98 to 1.02) 0.87
Dizziness present 1.63 (0.24 to 1.69) 0.36 1.08 (0.48 to 2.41) 0.86
Radiculopathy present 1.69 (0.55 to 5.18) 0.36 0.53 (0.18 to 1.52) 0.24
Trauma 0.91 (0.32 to 2.59) 0.86 0.90 (0.40 to 2.06) 0.81
Previous episodes category (higher) 1.10 (0.50 to 2.42) 0.82 1.23 (0.65 to 2.35) 0.52
Taking medication 0.86 (0.44 to 1.66) 0.64 1.38 (0.71 to 2.68) 0.35
Paid employment 1.01 (0.41 to 2.51) 0.98 1.00 (0.76 to 1.33) 0.981
Smoke 1.11 (0.50 to 2.43) 0.80 1.78 (0.87 to 3.61) 0.12
In good health 1.22 (0.61 to 2.46) 0.57 1.08 (0.60 to 1.96) 0.79
*BQ Pain 0.98 (0.85 to 1.12) 0.73 1.13 (0.99 to 1.29) 0.08
*BQ Disability 1.06 (0.94 to 1.18) 0.35 1.09 (0.97 to 1.23) 0.15
*BQ Social disability 1.08 (0.98 to 1.19) 0.14 1.07 (0.96 to 1.19) 0.21
*BQ Anxiety 1.02 (0.91 to 1.14) 0.74 1.10 (0.98 to 1.24) 0.11
*BQ Depression 0.99 (0.89 to 1.10) 0.83 1.12 (1.01 to 1.24) 0.03
*BQ Fear avoidance beliefs 0.96 (0.85 to 1.07) 0.44 1.09 (0.98 to 1.21) 0.69
*BQ Locus of control 1.05 (0.94 to 1.18) 0.37 0.98 (0.88 to 1.09) 0.69
*BQ Total 1.01 (0.98 to 1.03) 0.64 1.02 (1.00 to 1.04) 0.07
*NRS Neck 1.02 (0.98 to 1.03) 0.79 1.03 (0.91 to 1.17) 0.65
*NRS Arm 0.96 (0.86 to 1.08) 0.48 0.99 (0.88 to 1.12) 0.92
  1. *Continuous variables. BQ = Bournemouth Questionnaire. NRS = Numerical rating scale. OR = odds ratio (95% Confidence intervals). N = Number of observations.