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Table 13 Description of studies on ankle and foot pain

From: What is the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems in the elderly population in developed countries? A systematic critical literature review

  First author Publ. year Country Study design / Population / Method of collection Sample size Crude response rate (%) Outcome definition Outcome assessment method Prevalence period Age Prevalence* (95% CI) Risk of bias
    Total M F       M F Total  
Ankle pain Dunn [99] 2004 UK 2001-2, (65+ yo), individuals born on or before July 31, 1935 and residing in Springfield, identified by Medicare beneficiary files and the Springfield town census. Interview + examination (home) 784 339 445 10 pain or discomfort in any of their joints on most days during the past 4 weeks Self report One month 75+ 14.1 15.3 14.9 U
Ankle pain Yaron [86] 2011 Israel 2002, 2006, 2008, (20+ yo), stratified sample drawn from a telephone database on different population sectors. Telephone interview + questionnaire 2520 47.2% 52.8% 59-66 The Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases core questionnaire (CCQ): “In the past 7 days have you experienced pain in any of the following sites: [ankles]?” Self report One week 61+    35.9 U
Ankle pain Picavet [78] 2003 The Netherlands 1998, (25+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population register (the DMC3-study). Postal questionnaire 3664 44.8% 55.2% 46 [Ankle] pain during the survey Self report Point 65+ 4.6 (2.9-6.3) 9.8 (7.4-12.2)   L
Ankle/foot pain Parsons [77] 2007 UK 2001-3, (18+ yo), random samples from 16 Medical Research Council General Practice Research Framework practices, South East quadrant of the UK. Postal questionnaire 2501 1347 1154 47 The Chronic Pain Grade: Any ‘pain which has lasted for 3 months or longer and currently troubles respondents either all of the time or on and off' Self report Three months 65-74    4 U
75-101 5
Foot pain Peat [92] 2006 UK 2002, (50+ yo), all community-dwelling adults registered with 3 general practices in North Staffordshire (The NorStOP). Postal questionnaire 2429 1005 1424 22 The Regional Pains Survey, containing the Foot Disability Index (the FDI-FOOT) Self report One year 65-74 45 58   U
75+ 51 55
Foot pain Keenan [73] 2006 UK 1993, (55+ yo), a two-stage random sample from the North Yorkshire Family Health Services Authority. Postal questionnaire 16222 ? ? 86 Any swelling, pain, or stiffness in any of their joints that lasted >6 weeks in the previous 3 months (identified on a manikin) Self report Three months 65-74 14.1 (12.8-15.4) 20.7 (19.2-22.2) 17.7 (16.3-19.1) L
75+ 14.0 (12.7-15.3) 26.9 (25.3-28.3) 22.5 (21.0-24.0)
Foot pain Miro [75] 2007 Spain (65+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population census obtained from the Catalan Statistics Institute, Catalonia. Interview + questionnaire (local primary care centre) 592 274 318 99 The Chronic Pain Grade: “In the past 3 months have you had pain that has lasted for one day or longer in any part of your body?” Self report Three months 65-74    37.4 L
75-84 44.1
85+ 55.8
Foot pain Mickle [97] 2010 Australia (60+ yo), from 16 randomly selected federal electorates in Sydney and Illawarra statistical regions, New South Wales. Questionnaire 312 158 154 16 The Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index (MFPDI) ≥ 1 Self report One month 60+    50 H
Foot pain Mølgaard [98] 2010 Denmark 2005, (18–80 yo), random sample from the Danish Civil Registration System of the Aalborg municipality. Postal questionnaire 1671 807 864 80 "Have you within the last month had pain in your feet which lasted more than one day?" Self report One month 60-80    28.6 L
Foot pain Thomas [87] 2004 UK (50+ yo), all patients from three GPs from the North Staffordshire Primary Care Research Consortium (the NorStOP). Postal questionnaire 7878 ? ? 70 “In the past 4 weeks have you had pain that has lasted for one day or longer in any part of your body?” [supplemented by a full body manikin] Self report One month 60-69    23.5 U
70-79 22.5
80+ 19.5
Foot pain Badlissi [95] 2005 USA 2001-2, (65+ yo), individuals born on or before July 31, 1935 and residing in Springfield, identified by Medicare beneficiary files and the Springfield town census. Interview + questionnaire (telephone) + examination (home visit) 784 339 445 10 Aches or pains in your feet past week or any foot pain or discomfort on most days during the past four weeks Self report One month 65+    41.6 H
Foot pain Menz [96] 2005 Australia (62–92 yo), combined independent units and serviced apartments in retirement village. Questionnaire + examination (home) 176 56 120 ? Subjects were asked whether they suffered from painful feet Self report Point 62-92 14 28 24 L
Foot pain Picavet [78] 2003 The Netherlands 1998, (25+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population register (the DMC3-study). Postal questionnaire 3664 44.8% 55.2% 46 [Foot] pain during the survey Self report Point 65+ 8.9 (6.3-11.2) 11.8 (9.2-14.4)   L
  1. *Prevalence estimates without decimals are obtained from figures/graphs in the article and should be interpreted with caution.
  2. I: Interview, Q: Questionnaire; E: Examination, R: Register. L: Low, U: Unclear, H: High.