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Table 9 Description of studies on elbow pain

From: What is the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems in the elderly population in developed countries? A systematic critical literature review

  First author Publ. year Country Study design / Population /Method of collection Sample size Crude response rate (%) Outcome definition Outcome assessment method Prevalence period Age Prevalence* (95% CI) Risk of bias
    Total M F       M F Total  
Elbow pain Keenan [73] 2006 UK 1993, (55+ yo), a two-stage random sample from the North Yorkshire Family Health Services Authority. Postal questionnaire 16222 ? ? 86 any swelling, pain, or stiffness in any of their joints, that lasted >6 weeks in the previous 3 months (identified on a manikin) Self report Three months 65-74 4.6 (4.0-5.7) 6.4 (5.4-7.4) 5.7 (4.8-6.6) L
75+ 4.4 (3.5-5.2) 8.3 (7.3-9.4) 7.0 (6.0-8.0)
Elbow pain Parsons [77] 2007 UK 2001-3, (18+ yo), random samples from 16 Medical Research Council General Practice Research Framework practices, South East quadrant of the UK. Postal questionnaire 2501 1347 1154 47 The Chronic Pain Grade: Any ‘pain which has lasted for 3 months or longer and currently troubles respondents either all of the time or on and off' Self report Three months 65-74   1 U U
75-101 2
Elbow pain Yaron [86] 2011 Israel 2002, 2006, 2008, (20+ yo), stratified sample drawn from a telephone database on different population sectors. Telephone interview + questionnaire 2520 47% 53% 59-66 The Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases core questionnaire (CCQ): “In the past 7 days have you experienced pain in any of the following sites: [elbow]?” Self report One week 61+    33.0 U
Elbow pain Picavet [78] 2003 The Netherlands 1998, (25+ yo), stratified random sample taken from the population register (the DMC3-study). Postal questionnaire 3664 45% 55% 46 [Elbow] pain during the survey Self report Point 65+ 4.9 (3.1-6.7) 8.0 (5.8-10.2)   L
Elbow/ forearm pain Gummesson [89] 2003 Sweden 1997, (25–74 yo), stratified randomised sample from the Swedish population register in southern Sweden. Postal questionnaire 2466 ? ? 82 Chronic pain: ‘Where is the pain, numbness, or tingling located and since when have you had the symptoms?’ [elbow/forearm, since 3 months] Self report Point 65-74 1.7 8.3   U
  1. *Prevalence estimates without decimals are obtained from figures/graphs in the article and should be interpreted with caution.
  2. I: Interview, Q: Questionnaire; E: Examination, R: Register. L: Low, U: Unclear, H: High.
  3. GP: General practitioner; ACR: The American College of Rheumatology (ACR clinical criteria for RA [22]).