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Table 1 Participant demographic characteristics (N = 7,519)

From: Who uses Australian chiropractic services?

  Visit to chiropractor in last 12 months1   
  No (N = 6385) Yes (N = 1134)   
Participant characteristics Number % Number % OR (95% CI)2 P
General practitioner location3:       
- Urban (RRMA 1 and 2) 4363 68 711 63 REF 0.03
- Rural (RRMA 3 to 5) 2022 32 423 37 1.29 (1.03 – 1.62)  
Age group:       
18-34 974 15 185 16 REF <0.001
35-54 2631 42 562 50 1.11 (0.92 – 1.35)  
55-76 2712 43 378 34 0.73 (0.62 – 0.87)  
Gender: Female 4231 67 757 67 1.02 (0.87 – 1.20) 0.81
Marital status:       
- Never married/single 1139 18 202 18 REF 0.24
- Widowed/divorced/separated 1149 18 179 16 0.88 (0.74 – 1.06)  
- Married 4027 64 741 66 1.03 (0.87 – 1.23)  
Born in Australia 5104 80 972 86 1.44 (1.21 – 1.72) <0.001
English is first language 6012 95 1087 96 1.24 (0.88 – 1.75) 0.22
Lives alone 877 14 130 12 0.82 (0.69 – 0.97) 0.02
Highest level of education:       
- Completed year 12 or less 3605 57 618 55 REF 0.07
- Certificate/diploma 1292 20 260 23 1.19 (1.02 – 1.38)  
- Bachelor degree or higher 1448 23 254 22 1.04 (0.89 – 1.21)  
Employment:       
- Employed/student 3970 62 815 72 REF <0.001
- Not employed 2018 32 286 25 0.69 (0.59 – 0.82)  
- Unable to work4 372 6 32 3 0.42 (0.31 – 0.57)  
Pension/benefit is main source of income 1724 27 200 18 0.58 (0.47 – 0.71) <0.001
  1. 1. Denominators may vary due to missing data.
  2. 2. Odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI) and P values using logistic regression using generalised estimating equations with robust standard errors.
  3. 3. RRMA Rural Remote and Metropolitan Areas classification [16, 17].
  4. 4. Includes home duties, unpaid work and maternity leave.