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Table 3 Indications for use of modalities

From: Treatment preferences amongst physical therapists and chiropractors for the management of neck pain: results of an international survey

  Pain relief Retrain or strengthen muscle Enhance tissue healing Alter tissue prior to MT Do not use/outside scope of practice
TENS 71% 3% 5% 7% 26%
EMG biofeedback 2% 28% 1% 1% 66%
Short wave diathermy 5% 0% 4% 5% 83%
Muscle stimulation 16% 42% 11% 15% 45%
Heat or cold application 90% 1% 34% 42% 1%
Laser therapy 12% 1% 28% 3% 65%
Ultrasound 25% 1% 40% 18% 45%
Shock wave 1% 1% 8% 1% 86%
Traditional acupuncture 37% 5% 18% 12% 55%
Dry needling 34% 4% 15% 21% 55%