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Table 3 Items identified during phase 1

From: The first research agenda for the chiropractic profession in Europe

I. Epidemiological and clinical research
A. Effects of treatment 1) Should more research be conducted in the following areas? - Cost-effectiveness (i.e. conduct economic evaluations)
- Maintenance care
- Short-term effects (<3 months)
- Sub-groups likely to respond to care
- Safety/adverse events
- Dose–response and frequency of treatment
- Comparison of different chiropractic techniques
- Other?
2) Should more research be conducted on chiropractic treatment effects and responses upon: - Musculoskeletal pain?
- Other?
3) Should more research be conducted on chiropractic treatment effects and responses in any of the following specific populations? - Infants and babies
- Pre-school and children
- Adolescents
- Geriatrics
- Pregnant women
- Athletes
- Other
B. Prognostic research 1) Should more prognostic research be conducted on the clinical course of musculoskeletal pain (for the identification of subgroups) in: - A chiropractic population?
- Population treated by other health care practitioners?
2) Should we examine any of the following specific factors as predictors of outcome with chiropractic treatment? - Psychosocial factors
- Clinical findings
- Other
C. Prevalence/incidence/prevention/population studies of musculoskeletal conditions 1) Should we examine prevalence/incidence/prevention of musculoskeletal conditions in the following specific patient populations? - Infants and babies
- Pre-school and children
- Adolescents
- Geriatrics
- Pregnant women
- Athletes
- Other
2) Should we examine the following specific topics? - Determinants of work absenteeism for musculoskeletal conditions
- Descriptive studies on clinics, chiropractors and patients in all ECU member countries
- Risk factors for incidence of musculoskeletal pain
- Prevention of musculoskeletal pain in primary and secondary care
- Other
D. Issues of chiropractic practice - Should we examine: - The clinician-patient relationship
- Who are the care seekers and what triggers their care seeking
- Other
II. Basic science research
A. Anatomy and physiology 1) Should we investigate the anatomical and/or (neuro)physiological basis of: - Musculoskeletal pain?
- Other?
2) Should we investigate the anatomical and/or (neuro)physiological basis of chiropractic treatment effects and responses upon: - Musculoskeletal pain?
- Other?
B. Biomechanics - Should we investigate the biomechanics of: - Spinal manipulative therapy
- Different manipulative and manual techniques, as a basis for comparison
- Other
C. Diagnostic - Should we investigate the following methods and techniques for the diagnosis of musculoskeletal pain: - Imaging e.g. MRI, PET, CT, ultrasound
- Postural and movement patterns
- Thermal imaging and electromyography (EMG)
- Eye movement patterns and visual perception
- Other
D. Theoretical concepts - Should we investigate the theories and/or theoretical models of: - The phases of spinal degeneration
- The fixation/subluxation
- Other
III. Education
Should we examine: - How student selection is conducted and how to select the best students
- Curriculum design and implementation of curricula
- Modes of delivery of postgraduate education
- Philosophy of chiropractic care