Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Accuracy of clinical tests in the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament injury: a systematic review

First author, year Design Setting Participants Partialandcomplete ACL tear prevalence % (n) Complete ACL tear prevalence % (n) Reference standard(s)
Beldame, 2011 [23] Prospective University hospital, France. *112 patient/knees with an indication for knee arthroscopy. 37.5% (42) 28.5% (32) Arthroscopy
Boeree, 1991 [24] Prospective Orthopaedic clinic, UK. 203 patient/knees referred from GPs or the A&E. 29.1% (51) nr MRI
Decker, 1988 [33] Prospective Hospital, Germany. †108 patient/knees suspected to have knee ligament injury. 61.1% (66) nr Arthroscopy/Surgery
Harilainen, 1987 [25] Unclear Emergency department, Finland. †350 patient/knees with acute knee injury. 41.7% (146) nr Arthroscopy/Arthrotomy
Katz, 1986 [26] Retrospective Community hospital, USA. 85 participant/knees with knee injuries presenting for arthroscopy. 25.9% (22) nr Arthroscopy
Lee, 1988 [27] Retrospective Orthopaedic department of a hospital, USA. 79 magnetic resonance studies of the knee were reviewed. 29.1% (22) nr MRI
Lucie, 1984 [28] Prospective Orthopaedic clinic, USA. 50 patient/knees with acute traumatic knee haemarthrosis. 76.0% (38) nr Arthroscopy/Arthrotomy
Mulligan, 2011 [29] Prospective Orthopaedic surgery and sports medicine service, USA. *†52 patient/knees with a complaint of knee pain referred from emergency department. 44.2% (23) nr Arthroscopy
Noyes, 1980 [30] Prospective Orthopaedic/Sports medicine knee clinic, USA. *85 injured knees (83 patients) that had traumatic haemarthrosis. 71.8% (61) 43.5% (37) Arthroscopy
Richter, 1996 [34] Prospective Hospital, Germany. 74 patient/knees with effusion of the knee following trauma. 78.4% (58) 64.9% (48) Arthroscopy
Schwartz, 1997 [35] Prospective Hospital, Germany. 58 patient/knees with acute knee injury. 81.0% (47) 65.5% (38) Arthroscopy
Tonino, 1986 [31] Unclear Hospital, Netherlands. *66 patient/knees with acute symptoms of a ligamentous lesion of the knee after trauma. 45.5% (30) nr Arthroscopy
Wagemakers, 2010 [19] Prospective GP clinics, Netherlands. *134 patient/knees with new knee symptoms. 20.9% (28) 12.7% (17) MRI
Wong, 1999 [32] Prospective Orthopaedic department of a hospital, Hong Kong. 91 patient/knees with an acute knee haemarthrosis. nr 56.0% (51) Arthroscopy
  1. nr: not reported.
  2. *Not all participants evaluated by index test(s).
  3. †Not all participants evaluated by reference standard.