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Table 1 Elements of informed consent[3]

From: Do informed consent documents for chiropractic clinical research studies meet readability level recommendations and contain required elements: a descriptive study

1. A statement that the study involves research
2. The names of the funding agencies
3. An explanation of the purposes of the research
4. The expected duration of the subject's participation
5. A description of the procedures to be followed
6. Identification of any procedures which are experimental
7. A description of any reasonably foreseeable risks or discomforts to the subject
8. A description of any benefits to the subject or to others which may reasonably be expected from the research
9. A disclosure of appropriate alternative procedures or courses of treatment, if any, that might be advantageous to the subject
10. A statement describing the extent of the confidentiality of records
11. For research involving more than minimal risk, an explanation as to whether any compensation, and an explanation as to whether any medical treatments are available, if injury occurs and, if so, what they consist of, or where further information may be obtained
12. An explanation of whom to contact for answers to pertinent questions about the research and research subjects' rights, and whom to contact in the event of a research-related injury to the subject
13. A statement that participation is voluntary, refusal to participate will involve no penalty or loss of benefits to which the subject is otherwise entitled and the subject may discontinue participation at any time without penalty or loss of benefits, to which the subject is otherwise entitled.