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Table 1 STARLITE search strategy summary

From: The location of the inferior angle of the scapula in relation to the spine in the upright position: a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis

Sampling strategy

Electronic databases searched for articles satisfying inclusion criteria

Type of studies

Anatomical studies investigating the spinal level corresponding to the scapula


“Related articles” function used following successful retrieval. Secondary search to reach point of data saturation. Google searching.

Range of years

No restrictions.


Only English-language articles were included.


Included only primary studies where the spinal level corresponding to the scapula was identified through comparison with an imaging reference standard. Reliability studies and reviews of the literature were excluded. Intraoperative and cadaveric studies were excluded.

Terms used

Combinations of Non-MesH terms (Spinous Process, Thoracic Vertebrae, Vertebral Level, Validity) and MeSH terms (Scapula, Spine, Palpation, Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures, Diagnostic Imaging, Physical Examination, Anatomic Landmarks, Thorax, Reproducibility of Results).

Electronic sources

PubMed, MANTIS, ICL, CINAHL, AMED, Osteopathic Research Web, OstMed, Google.