Electronic databases searched for articles satisfying inclusion criteria
Type of studies
Anatomical studies investigating the spinal level corresponding to the scapula
“Related articles” function used following successful retrieval. Secondary search to reach point of data saturation. Google searching.
Range of years
Only English-language articles were included.
Included only primary studies where the spinal level corresponding to the scapula was identified through comparison with an imaging reference standard. Reliability studies and reviews of the literature were excluded. Intraoperative and cadaveric studies were excluded.
Combinations of Non-MesH terms (Spinous Process, Thoracic Vertebrae, Vertebral Level, Validity) and MeSH terms (Scapula, Spine, Palpation, Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures, Diagnostic Imaging, Physical Examination, Anatomic Landmarks, Thorax, Reproducibility of Results).
PubMed, MANTIS, ICL, CINAHL, AMED, Osteopathic Research Web, OstMed, Google.