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Table 21 Accuracy Summary – Musculoskeletal Clinical Indication for Diagnostic Ultrasound of the Knee Region

From: The accuracy of diagnostic ultrasound imaging for musculoskeletal soft tissue pathology of the extremities: a comprehensive review of the literature

Target Condition Recommendation
Tendons and soft tissue Grade
 Full thickness quadriceps tendon tears 3
 Patella tendinopathy 3
 Baker’s Cyst 2
 Medial patella plica syndrome 2
 Meniscal cyst 2
 Ganglion cyst Unknown
 Hamstring/ITB/gastrocnemius injury Unknown
 Hoffa’s fat pad syndrome Unknown
 Pes anserinus tendinobursitis Unknown
Internal knee derangement and associated injury  
 Full ACL tears 0a
 Partial ACL tears 0
 Medial meniscus tears 0a
 Lateral meniscus tears 0a
 LCL injury 0a
 Popliteal injury 0a
 MCL injury Unknown
 PCL injury Unknown
Nerves  
 Common peroneal neuropathy 2
  1. ACL anterior cruciate ligament; PCL posterior cruciate ligament; LCL lateral collateral ligament; MCL medial collateral ligament; ITB iliotibial band
  2. Unknown: No diagnostic accuracy studies found
  3. Grade 0a: Not indicated as a definitive diagnostic tool for ligamentous and meniscal tears of the knee, however may have a role as an on field, point-of-care screening tool
  4. Grade 0: Not indicated
  5. Grade 1: Conflicting evidence (test results should be interpreted with caution)
  6. Grade 2: Equivalent to other imaging techniques (other techniques might provide significant information)
  7. Grade 3: First choice technique (other techniques rarely provide more information)