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Table 23 Ankle/Foot: Study Characteristics

From: The accuracy of diagnostic ultrasound imaging for musculoskeletal soft tissue pathology of the extremities: a comprehensive review of the literature

Study Target Condition Number of studies (Systematic Review) Subjects Mean Age (years) Mean time from injury to ultrasound Ultrasound transducer frequency (MHz) Ultrasound reviewers
Diagnostic Study        
Bianchi et al., 2011 [122] Tendinopathy/Tear - 5 47.2 8 days 12.5 to 17.5 RAD
Carlson et al., 2013 [123] Tendinopathy/Tear - 8 51.9 N/S N/S RAD and Non-RAD
Grant et al., 2005 [127] Tendinopathy/Tear - 58 45.2 11.2 months 11 to 15 RAD
Gregg et al., 2006 [128] Tendinopathy/Tear - 52 57 N/S 11 RAD and Non-RAD
Hartgerink et al., 2001 [131] Tendinopathy/Tear - 26 40 N/S 7.5 to 12 RAD
Kainberger et al., 1990 [134] Tendinopathy/Tear - 73 38 N/S 5.0 to 10 N/S
Kalebo et al., 1992 [135] Tendinopathy/Tear - 37 35 N/S 7.5 RAD
Kayser et al., 2005 [137] Tendinopathy/Tear - 13 N/S N/S 7.5 RAD
Klein et al., 2012 [138] Tendinopathy/Tear - 42 N/S N/S 15 to 16 Non-RAD
Klein et al., 2013 [139] Tendinopathy/Tear - 50 N/S N/S 15 to 16 Non-RAD
Nallamshetty et al., 2005 [144] Tendinopathy/Tear - 18 61 N/S 10 Non-RAD
Premkumar et al., 2002 [149] Tendinopathy/Tear - 31 43 N/S 10 RAD
Rockett et al., 1998 [150] Tendinopathy/Tear - 28 N/S N/S 7.5 to 10 RAD
Waitches et al., 1998 [156] Tendinopathy/Tear - 33 N/S N/S 7.5 to10 RAD
Cheng et al., 2014 [124] Ligament Injury - 120 32 2.2 years 5.0 to 17 RAD
Guillodo et al., 2010 [129] Ligament Injury - 56 30.1 7.6 months 5.0 to 12 Non-RAD
Gun et al., 2013 [130] Ligament Injury - 65 34 N/S 7.5 Non-RAD
Henari et al., 2011 [132] Ligament Injury - 12 41 <2 days N/S Non-RAD
Hua et al., 2012 [133] Ligament Injury - 83 N/S N/S 7.5 RAD
Margetic et al., 2012 [141] Ligament Injury - 30 N/S 1 week 7.0 to 15 RAD
Mei-Dan et al., 2009 [143] Ligament Injury - 47 27 12 days 7.5 to 12 RAD
Oae et al., 2010 [146] Ligament Injury - 34 29 1 week 9.0 Non-RAD
van Dijk et al., 1996 [155] Ligament Injury - 160 N/S <1 week N/S RAD
Fazal et al., 2012 [126] Morton’s Neuroma - 47 46 N/S 5.0 t o12 RAD
Kankanala et al., 2007 [136] Morton’s Neuroma - 48 52.6 N/S 13.5 RAD
Lee et al., 2007 [140] Morton’s Neuroma - 17 48.6 N/S 9.0 RAD
Oliver et al., 1998 [147] Morton’s Neuroma - 37 49.6 N/S 7.5 RAD
Pastides et al., 2012 [148] Morton’s Neuroma - 36 43.8 N/S N/S N/S
Sharp et al., 2003 [152] Morton’s neuroma - 25 52 8 months 12 RAD
Sobiesk et al., 1997 [153] Morton’s Neuroma - 20 N/S N/S 7.5 RAD
Torres-Claramunt et al., 2012 [154] Morton’s Neuroma - 37 60.6 N/S 7.5 to 9.0 RAD
Cochet et al., 2010 [125] Impingement - 41 32 N/S 5.0 to 12 RAD
McCarthy et al., 2008 [142] Impingement - 17 32 14 months 5.0 to 12 RAD
Neustadter et al., 2004 [145] Peroneal Subluxation - 13 30.4 N/S 12 to 13 Non-RAD
Sabir et al., 2005 [151] Plantar Fasciitis - 77 45.9 N/S 6.0 to 9.0 RAD
- TTS - - - - - -
- Bursitis - - - - - -
- Retinacula - - - - - -
- Ganglion - - - - - -
  1. N/S not stated; RAD Radiologist; TTS tarsal tunnel syndrome