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Table 24 Accuracy of MSK-DUSI for detecting soft tissue pathology of the ankle/foot

From: The accuracy of diagnostic ultrasound imaging for musculoskeletal soft tissue pathology of the extremities: a comprehensive review of the literature

Target Condition Study Reference Standard Sensitivity Specificity LR+ LR-
  Diagnostic Study      
Tendinopathy/Tear       
 Plantaris Tendon Tear Bianchi 2011 [122] MRI 1.00 1.00 - -
 Plantar Plate Tear Carlson 2013 [123] Surgical Findings 1.00 0.60 2.50 -
  Gregg 2006 [128] MRI 0.86 0.64 2.39 0.22
  Klein 2013 [139] MRI 0.91 0.25 1.21 0.36
  Klein 2012 [138] MRI 0.92 0.25 1.23 0.32
 Peroneal Tendon Tear Grant 2005 [127] Surgical Findings 1.00 0.85 6.67 -
  Waitches 1998 [156] Surgical Findings 1.00 0.79 4.76 -
 Achilles Tendinopathy Hartgerink 2001 [131] Surgical Findings 1.00 0.83 5.88 -
  Kainberger 1990 [134] Clinical and MRI 0.72 0.83 4.24 0.34
  Kalebo 1992 [135] Surgical Findings 0.94 1.00 - 0.06
  Kayser 2005 [137] MRI 0.50 0.81 2.63 0.62
 Posterior Tibial Tendinopathy Nallamshetty 2005 [144] MRI 0.78 1.00 - 0.22
  Premkumar 2002 [149] MRI 0.80 0.90 8.00 0.22
  Rockett 1998 [150] Surgical Findings 1.00 0.90 10.0 -
  Waitches 1998 [156] Surgical Findings 1.00 1.00 - -
Ligament Injury       
 ATF Cheng 2014 [124] Surgical Findings 0.99 0.96 24.8 0.01
  Guillodo 2010 [129] Arthrography 0.85 1.00 - 0.15
  Gun 2013 [130] MRI 0.94 1.00 - 0.06
  Hua 2012 [133] Surgical Findings 0.98 0.92 12.3 0.02
  Margetic 2012 [141] MRI 1.00 1.00 - -
  Oae 2010 [146] Surgical Findings 1.00 0.33 1.49 -
  van Dijk 1996 [155] Arthrography 0.92 0.64 2.56 0.13
 PTF Cheng 2014 [124] Surgical Findings 1.00 1.00 - -
 CF Cheng 2014 [124] Surgical Findings 0.94 0.91 10.4 0.07
  Margetic 2012 [141] MRI 1.00 1.00 - -
 Deltoid Henari 2011 [132] Arthrography 1.00 1.00 - -
 Syndesmotic Mei-Dan 2009 [143] MRI 1.00 1.00 - -
Morton’s Neuroma Fazal 2012 [126] Surgical Findings 0.96 1.00 - 0.04
  Kankanla 2007 [136] Surgical and Histology 0.91 1.00 - 0.09
  Lee 2007 [140] Surgical Findings 0.79 1.00 - 0.21
  Oliver 1998 [147] Surgical and Histology 0.96 1.00 - 0.04
  Pastides 2012 [148] Surgical Findings 0.90 1.00 - 0.10
  Sharp 2003 [152] Surgical and Histology 0.79 1.00 - 0.21
  Sobiesk 1997 [153] Surgical Findings 1.00 0.83 5.88 -
  Torres-Claramunt 2012 [154] Surgical and Histology 0.57 1.00 - 0.43
Anterolateral Impingement Cochet 2010 [125] Arthrography 0.77 0.57 1.79 0.40
  McCarthy 2008 [142] Surgical Findings 1.00 1.00 - -
Peroneal Subluxation Neustadter 2004 [145] Surgical Findings 1.00 1.00 - -
Plantar Fasciitis Sabir 2005 [151] MRI 0.80 0.89 7.27 0.22
  1. ATF anterior talofibular; PTF posterior talofibular; CF calcaneofibular