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Table 25 Accuracy Summary - Musculoskeletal Clinical Indications for Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging in the Ankle/Foot Region

From: The accuracy of diagnostic ultrasound imaging for musculoskeletal soft tissue pathology of the extremities: a comprehensive review of the literature

Target Condition Recommendation
Tendons and soft tissue Grade
 Anterior talofibular ligament injury 3
 Calcaneofibular ligament injury 3
 Peroneal tendon tears 3
 Peroneal subluxation 3
 Posterior tibial tendinopathy 3
 Plantaris Tendon tears 3
 Plantar fasciitis 3
 Achilles tendinopathy 2
 Deltoid ligament injury 2
 Plantar plate tears 2
 Syndesmotic Injury 2
 Anterolateral ankle impingement 0
 Posterior talofibular ligament injury 0
 Bursitis Unknown
 Ganglion cyst Unknown
 Retinaculum pathology Unknown
 Tibialis anterior tendinopathy Unknown
Nerves  
 Morton’s neuroma 2
 Tarsal tunnel syndrome Unknown
  1. Unknown: No diagnostic accuracy studies found
  2. Grade 0: Not indicated
  3. Grade 1: Conflicting evidence (test results should be interpreted with caution)
  4. Grade 2: Equivalent to other imaging techniques (other techniques might provide significant information)
  5. Grade 3: First choice technique (other techniques rarely provide more information)