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Table 1 Combinations of Interventions in Multimodal Care for Lateral Epicondylitis Reported in Scientifically Admissible Studies, 1990–2015a,b

From: Multimodal care for the management of musculoskeletal disorders of the elbow, forearm, wrist and hand: a systematic review by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration

  Education Exercise Manual Therapy    Soft Tissue Therapy Acupuncture Passive Modalities    Medication Usual Care
Author, year Treatment provider Number of visits Treatment period (weeks)    Manipulation Mobilisation Traction    Ultrasound Splint Heat/Cold   
Bisset [62, 63] PTc 8 6          
GPe 2 6            
GPd 1 6            
Smidt [66] PTc 9 6             
GPe 3 6             
GPd 1 6           
Haahr [64] GP, Ergonomistd 1 UK           
  GPd 1 UK            
Nagrale [65] PTc 12 4            
PTe 12 4           
Struijs [67] PTd 9 6             
PTd 1 6             
PTd 9 6            
  1. aEmpty cells indicate that the intervention component was not provided in the treatment arm
  2. bTable includes only modalities reported in scientifically admissible studies
  3. Acronyms: GP general practitioner, PT physical therapist, UK unknown
  4. cSuperior multimodal programs of care; dEquivalent multimodal programs of care; eInferior multimodal programs of care