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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Importance of psychological factors for the recovery from a first episode of acute non-specific neck pain - a longitudinal observational study

  All patients (N = 103) Patients with improvement after 1 month (N = 70) Patients without improvement after 1 month (N = 14) Patients with improvement after 3 months (N = 71) Patients without improvement after 3 months (N = 11)
Age (SD) 38.3 (±13.8) 37.5 (±13.8) 47.5 (±15.0) 38.6 (±13.8) 47.3 (±16.2)
Gender (m/f) 35/68 22/48 4/10 27/44 2/9
Pain at baseline (SD) 6.4 (±1.9) 6.5 (±1.8) 5.5 (±2.1) 6.2 (±2.0) 7.2 (±1.7)
BQ 4: anxiety BL/1 m/3 m (SD) 5.5 (±2.9) 5.6 (±2.8) 4.3 (±2.9) 5.3 (±3.0) 6.7 (±1.7)
2.1 (±2.7) 1.6 (±2.2) 5.0 (±2.9) 1.7 (±2.4) 5.3 (±2.7)
1.7 (±2.6) 1.4 (±2.2) 2.5 (±2.9) 1.0 (±1.9) 6.0 (±2.0)
BQ 5: depression BL/1 m/3 m (SD) 3.6 (±3.2) 3.5 (±3.2) 3.1 (±2.9) 3.1 (±3.2) 5.9 (±2.3)
1.6 (±2.7) 1.0 (±2.1) 3.9 (±3.6) 1.2 (±2.3) 4.3 (±3.5)
0.8 (±2.0) 0.5 (±1.2) 1.9 (±3.0) 0.4 (±1.3) 3.7 (±2.9)
BQ 6: fear avoidance BL/1 m/3 m (SD) 4.7 (±3.1) 4.6 (±3.1) 4.6 (±2.6) 4.5 (±3.2) 5.7 (±1.6)
2.0 (±2.7) 1.5 (±2.1) 4.4 (±3.8) 1.6 (±2.5) 4.7 (±2.5)
1.7 (±2.6) 1.5 (±2.5) 2.3 (±3.0) 1.2 (±2.3) 5.2 (±2.4)
BQ 7: locus of control BL/1 m/3 m (SD) 5.0 (±2.8) 5.2 (±3.0) 4.0 (±2.4) 5.0 (±3.0) 4.5 (±1.7)
2.8 (±3.3) 2.5 (±3.3) 3.9 (±3.4) 2.6 (±3.3) 5.0 (±2.9)
2.2 (±2.9) 1.6 (±2.3) 4.2 (±4.0) 1.6 (±2.6) 5.7 (±2.5)
  1. BQ Bournemouth questionnaire
  2. BL baseline
  3. f female
  4. m male
  5. SD standard deviation
  6. 1 m 1 month
  7. 3 m 3 months