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Table 1 Definition of non-specific thoracic spine pain [15]

From: Spinal manipulative therapy, Graston technique® and placebo for non-specific thoracic spine pain: a randomised controlled trial

- Midline back pain - for the purposes of this trial, the pain will be bound by the lateral margins of the thorax laterally and the trapezium superiorly  
- Non dermatomal referred pain difficult to localise  
- No signs of nerve root tension  
- No major neurological deficit  
- Pain with compression over the thoracic spine into spine extension  
- Reduced range of motion