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Table 4 Patients’ perceptions of the therapeutic alliance when treated by male and female chiropractors

From: Perceptions of the quality of the therapeutic alliance in chiropractic care in The Netherlands: a cross-sectional survey

Patients’ perceptions Gender chiropractor N Meana SD t(df) p
Overall WAV-12 Male 86 4.09 ±0.60 t(181) = −0.18 0.86
  Female 97 4.10 ±0.59   
Goal dimension Male 93 3.98 ±0.66 t(195) = −0.11 0.92
  Female 104 3.99 ±0.65   
Task dimension Male 96 4.11 ±0.59 t(199) = 0.19 0.85
  Female 105 4.09 ±0.64   
Bond dimension Male 90 4.17 ±0.74 t(186) = −1.07 0.29
  Female 98 4.28 ±0.66   
  1. aMeasured on a 1–5 Likert scale, 5 representing an optimal alliance