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Table 3 Treatment interventions

From: Dose–response of spinal manipulation for cervicogenic headache: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Intervention Spinal manipulation therapy Light massage therapy
Type High Velocity, low amplitude Low Velocity, low amplitude (older patients or acute exacerbations only) Gentle effleurage (gliding) Gentle petrissage (kneading)
Location Cervical spine (Occiput -C7) Thoracic spine (T1-T3) Cervical spine musculature (Occiput -C7) Thoracic spine musculature (T1-T3)
Design & delivery format Individualized: spinal levels treated, technique position (e.g., seated, supine, prone) Individualized: site of pain/dysfunction
Prone position
Delivery method One-on-one treatment visit One-on-one treatment visit
Dose 10 min 3 visits per week for 6 weeks 10 min 3 visits per week for 6 weeks