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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants in nine studies on overuse injuries of the extremities in children and adolescents

From: Association between sports type and overuse injuries of extremities in children and adolescents: a systematic review

Sports Author year country Study population level N part/N invited (participation rate) Sex Age Min-max (Mean ± SD) Duration of data collection & follow-up frequency (N/time) Method of data collection Data source
Soccer Soderman 2001 [12] Sweden Sport’s club European Level 153/175 (87.4 %) F 14.1–19.2 (15.9 ± 1.2) 1 season (regular contact) Physical exam, Injury protocol Child, Medical personnel, Trainers
Soligard 2008 [13] Norway Sport’s club All club 837/1220 (68.6 %) F 13–17 (?) 1 season (weekly) Questionnaire Medical personnel, Trainers
Le Gall 2008 [14] France Sport’s club Elite 119/119 (100 %) F 15–19 (?) 8 seasons (daily) ? Medical personnel
Handball Wedderkopp 1999 [17] Denmark Sport’s club European team 126/? (?) F 16–18 (?) 1 season (every 10th day) Physical exam, Questionnaire Medical personnel, Trainers
Orienteering Johansson 1986 [18] Sweden Specific colleges 89/? (?) B ? (17.5 ± 1.5) 1 season (daily) Injury protocol, Questionnaire, Interview Child, Medical personnel, Trainers
Running Tenforde 2011 [19] USA High school All club 1196/748 (63 %) B 13–18 (15.5) Relates to lifetime Online questionnaire Child
Dance Leanderson 2011 [20] Sweden Specific colleges <476/? (?) B <10 and 10–14 (?) 7 years (daily) Physical exam Medical personnel
Gymnastics Caine 2003 [15] USA Sport’s club Different levels 79/? (?) F 7–18 (?) 3 seasons (bi-weekly) Physical exam, Injury protocol, Interview Medical personnel, Trainers
Lindner 1990 [16] Canada Sport’s club Different level: provincial to national 178/275 (64.7 %) F 7–15 (10.61) 3 seasons (regular basis) Injury protocol, Questionnaire Child, Trainers
  1. ? : Information not provided
  2. F female, B both