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Table 6 Simulations based on data for Average Examiner Differences (VE) created using a random number generator

From: The reliability of spinal motion palpation determination of the location of the stiffest spinal site is influenced by confidence ratings: a secondary analysis of three studies

Study N Actual data, VE Simulated data VE Simulated/Actual (% improvement)
Cervical 27 0.6 2.9 470%
Thoracic 52 1.1 2.0 180%
Lumbar 34 0.6 2.4 380%
All 113 0.7 1.9 250%