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Table 2 Treatment modalities used to manage non-specific neck pain

From: Managing patients with acute and chronic non-specific neck pain: are Danish chiropractors compliant with guidelines?

Manipulation (technique) Yes 335 (97.4%) No 9 (2.6%) Refer OSPa
 Diversified 269 (80.3%) 65 (19.4%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0%)
 Gonstead 119 (36.3%) 209 (63.7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Drop-techniques 58 (19.1%) 238 (78.3%) 1 (0.3%) 7 (2.3%)
 Toggle-recoil 39 (12.4%) 263 (83.5%) 2 (0.6%) 11 (3.5%)
 Activator 33 (10.5%) 270 (86.3%) 2 (0.6%) 8 (2.6%)
 Other manipulation techniques 31 (10.9%) 245 (86.3%) 2 (0.7%) 6 (2.1%)
Manipulation (region) Yes No Refer OSP a
 Segment of pain 311 (94%) 19 (5.7%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0%)
 Upper cervical 257 (79.8%) 64 (19.9%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0%)
 Thoracic 267 (83.2%) 54 (16.8%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Lumbar 64 (20.8%) 243 (79.2%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Pelvis 70 (22.5%) 241 (77.5%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Extremity 56 (18.4%) 248 (81.3%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0%)
Other manual therapies Yes 299 (87.9%) No 41 (12.1%) Refer OSP a
 Triggerpoint (TrP) 268 (79.8%) 66 (19.6%) 2 (0.6%) 0 (0%)
 Instrument Assisted Mobilization (IAM) 8 (2.5%) 289 (91.7%) 4 (1.3%) 14 (4.4%)
 Massage 93 (28.5%) 188 (57.7%) 45 (13.8%) 0 (0%)
 Massage device 46 (14.1%) 263 (80.4%) 1 (0.3%) 17 (5.2%)
 Mechanical Diagnosis Therapy (MDT) 45 (13.9%) 265 (82%) 12 (3.7%) 1 (0.3%)
 Mulligan Concept 8 (2.5%) 286 (89.9%) 16 (5%) 8 (2.5%)
 Stretch/Muscle energy technique (MET) 81 (24.8%) 242 (74.2%) 3 (0.9%) 0 (0%)
 Traction 71 (22%) 246 (76.4%) 2 (0.6%) 3 (0.9%)
 Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT) 8 (2.5%) 294 (92.5%) 9 (2.8%) 7 (2.2%)
 Craniosacral technique 9 (2.8%) 260 (80.5%) 44 (13.6%) 10 (3.1%)
Other treatment modalities Yes 208 (62.5%) No 125 (37.5%) Refer OSP a
 Transcutan Electric Nerve Stimulation (TENS) 2 (0.6%) 224 (70.7%) 7 (2.2%) 84 (26.5%)
 Electromyography (EMG) 0 (0%) 202 (64.1%) 19 (6%) 94 (29.8%)
 Short wave 0 (0%) 217 (68.7%) 4 (1.3%) 95 (30.1%)
 Laser 23 (7.1%) 235 (72.5%) 13 (4%) 53 (16.4%)
 Sonic 0 (0%) 218 (69%) 8 (2.5%) 90 (28.5%)
 Ultrasound 1 (0.3%) 208 (66.2%) 26 (8.3%) 79 (25.2%)
 Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT) 6 (1.9%) 198 (62.3%) 39 (12.3%) 75 (23.6%)
 Heat 26 (8.2%) 272 (86.1%) 1 (0.3%) 17 (5.4%)
 Cold 161 (49.4%) 161 (49.4%) 1 (0.3%) 3 (0.9%)
 Acupuncture 25 (7.8%) 195 (61.1%) 77 (24.1%) 22 (6.9%)
 Dry Needling (DN) 78 (24.3%) 186 (57.9%) 43 (13.4%) 14 (4.4%)
Exercise Yes 291 (88.2%) No 39 (11.8%) Refer OSP a
 Stretch/MET cervical region 170 (52.6%) 146 (45.2%) 7 (2.2%) 0 (0%)
 Stretch/MET other body part 82 (26.5%) 221 (71.3%) 7 (2.3%) 0 (0%)
 Strength cervical region 154 (48%) 148 (46.1%) 19 (5.9%) 0 (0%)
 Strength other body part 86 (27.2%) 211 (66.8%) 19 (6%) 0 (0%)
 Motor control 76 (24.1%) 206 (65.2%) 32 (10.1%) 2 (0.6%)
 Stability 125 (38.8%) 165 (51.2%) 32 (9.9%) 0 (0%)
 Cardio-vascular 40 (12.8%) 241 (77%) 29 (9.3%) 3 (1%)
 MDT/McKenzie 89 (27.9%) 214 (67.1%) 16 (5%) 0 (0%)
 General physical activity 247 (77.2%) 62 (19.4%) 11 (3.4%) 0 (0%)
Orthoses Yes 60 (18.2%) No 269 (81.8%) Refer OSP a
 Collar 4 (1.2%) 309 (95.4%) 2 (0.6%) 9 (2.8%)
 Pillow 36 (11.1%) 280 (86.4%) 3 (0.9%) 5 (1.5%)
 Tape 11 (3.4%) 277 (86.3%) 28 (8.7%) 5 (1.6%)
 Inserts 8 (2.5%) 279 (87.2%) 27 (8.4%) 6 (1.9%)
 Other assistive devices 13 (4.2%) 261 (85%) 23 (7.5%) 10 (3.3%)
Information/patient education Yes 332 (99.7%) No 1 (0.3%) Refer OSP a
 Diagnosis 326 (98.2%) 6 (1.8%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Sideeffects 261 (79.1%) 69 (20.9%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Monitor symptoms 321 (97.3%) 9 (2.7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Rest/offload 275 (83.3%) 55 (16.7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Active lifestyle 280 (84.6%) 51 (15.4%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Diet and smoking 68 (21.1%) 254 (78.6%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0%)
 Supplements 27 (8.4%) 293 (91%) 2 (0.6%) 0 (0%)
 Ergonomics 200 (60.6%) 128 (38.8%) 2 (0.6%) 0 (0%)
 Work/job function 229 (69%) 103 (31%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Free time 233 (70.4%) 98 (29.6%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Employer communication 12 (3.7%) 311 (96%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0%)
 GP communication 88 (26.8%) 240 (73.2%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Other Yes No Refer OSP a
 Modalities not included in questionnaire 41 (12.4%) 289 (87.6%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  1. aOSP = Outside Scope of Practice