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Table 3 Diagnostic procedures used in Functional Neurology according to four sources in a scoping review

From: Unravelling functional neurology: a scoping review of theories and clinical applications in a context of chiropractic manual therapy

Structure(s) or function(s) Sources of information
Book Scientific articles Websites Interviews
Spinal nerve Sensory Spinothalamic tracta
Dorsal columnsb
Spinothalamic tracta
Dorsal columnsb
X X
Motor Myotomes
Muscle tone
Myotomes Myotomes X
Reflexes Osteotendinous
Plantar
Superficial abdominal
Osteotendinous
Plantar
X Osteotendinous
Cranial nerves I to XII At least, II to VIII, X to XII At least, III, IV, VI, and VIII I to XII
Vestibulo-cerebellar Eye movements
CN II, III, V, VII and, VIII to XII
Romberg / Fukuda tests
Finger-to-nose / Heel-to-shin tests
Rapid alternative movements
Vestibulo-ocular reflex
Balance assessment
Tandem gait
Walking on toes / heels
Eye movements
Finger-to-nose / Heel-to-shin tests
Rapid alternative movements
Vestibulo-ocular reflex
Balance assessment
Functional Romberg test
Eye movements
Balance assessment
Eye movements
Romberg / Fukuda tests
Vestibulo-ocular reflex
Balance assessment
Brain lobe(s) Eye movements
Blind spot mapping
qEEG
Eye movements
Blind spot mapping
Gait assessment
Finger dexterity
Muscle testing
Primitive reflexes
Dual mental tasking
Eye movements
Blind spot mapping
Eye movements
Blind spot mapping
Basal ganglia Looking for fascial tics Colored lenses NM X
Autonomic Observation (e.g. pupillary size, condition of the skin)
Pupil light reflex
Blood pressure
Forehead / tympanic temperatures
Heart rate
Respiratory rate / ratio
Oximetry
Bowel auscultation
Dermographia
Vein-to-artery ratio of the retinal vessel
Blood pressure
Heart rate
Heart auscultation
“Respiratory excursion”
Vein-to-artery ratio of the retinal vessel
Search for dermographia
X Pupillary size or pupil light reflex
Blood pressure
Heart rate
Oximetry
Cognitive Questions about patient’s orientation and for testing memory Wechsler intelligence scale for children
Test of variables of attention
Finger tapping test
Cognitive tasks (e.g. memory tasks)
X Test of variables of attention
  1. X Structure(s) or function(s) mentioned without specific example(s)
  2. NM Structure(s) or function(s) not mentioned in the source
  3. qEEG Quantitative electroencephalography
  4. aThis includes nondiscriminative touch, temperature and pain sensations
  5. bThis includes fine touch, and conscious proprioception