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Table 5 Mean difference between Chiropractic and Nursing students regarding CAM beliefs

From: Knowledge, attitude, influences and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among chiropractic and nursing students

  Mean (SE) of difference 95% CI Mean Diff P value
1.The physical and mental health is maintained by an underlying energy or vital force. −0.565 (0.1) (−0.85, −0.28) <0.001
2. Health and disease are a reflection of balance between positive life-enhancing forces and negative destructive forces. −0.611 (0.1) (−0.9, −0.322) <0.001
3. The body is essentially self-healing and the task of a health care provider is to assist in the healing process.a 0.07 (0.1) (−0.184, 0.324) 0.589
4. A patient’s symptoms should be regarded as a manifestation of a general imbalance or dysfunction affecting the whole body −0.296 (0.1) (−0.555, −0.037) 0.025
5. A patient’s expectations, health beliefs and values should be integrated into the patient care process. −0.232 (0.1) (−0.454, −0.01) 0.041
6. Complementary and alternative therapies are a threat to public health.b −0.341 (0.1) (−0.607, −0.075) 0.012
7. Treatments not tested scientifically discouraged.ab 0.204 (0.2) (−0.099, 0.507) 0.187
8. Effects of complementary and alternative therapies are usually the result of a placebo effect.b −0.624 (0.1) (−0.874, −0.374) <0.001
9. Complementary and alternative therapies include ideas and methods from which conventional medicine could benefit. 0.508 (0.1) (0.275, 0.742) <0.001
10. Most complementary and alternative therapies stimulate the body’s natural therapeutic powers.a −0.135 (0.1) (−0.385, 0.114) 0.288
  1. aStatement with no significant differences
  2. bItem responses were reverse scored so a higher value indicated greater endorsement. Responses were based on a Likert-type scale ranging from 1 = absolutely disagree and 7 = absolutely agree