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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the CLBP

From: A protocol for clinical trial study of the effect of core stabilization exercises on spine kinematics during gait with and without load in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain

Inclusion criteria

Exclusion criteria

The age range of 18–45 years.

Current nonspecific Low back pain Lasting more than 12 weeks.

Sciatic nerve root involvement

Pain radiating to the leg below the knee

Paresthesia in the feet

Motor deficits in the lower extremity muscles

Acute spinal disc herniation

Previous surgery or fractures in lumbar spine or Other bonny structures

Neurologic disorders

Recent any significant trauma to the musculoskeletal system such as bonny, muscular, ligamentous and soft tissue structures in the upper, lower extremity, head, neck and trunk that might interfere with gait [10, 16]

Any clinical conditions such as musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiac or pulmonary or symptom that might interfere with gait [10, 63]

Osteoarthritis of the knee and hip [10]

Recent unexplained weight loss

BMI above 30 kg/m2 [46] (see the participants section)

Any medical condition which have contraindications to exercise therapy including acute (not reoccurring) low back injury occurring within the last 12 weeks, current tension sign, pregnancy, inflammatory disease, sever osteoporosis, arthritis and bone disease [37, 45, 64]