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Table 1 Utilization of chiropractic services (245 studies)

From: The chiropractic profession: a scoping review of utilization rates, reasons for seeking care, patient profiles, and care provided

Study population Chiropractic utilization rate (median, IQR) Number of reporting studies
Population at regional/national level
 12-month utilization 9.1% (6.7-13.1) 52
 Lifetime utilizationa 22.2% (12.8-40.0) 19
Women
 12-month utilization 13.0% (8.5-17.3) 12
 Lifetime utilizationa 24.9% (18.2-31.6) 2
Older adultsb
 12-month utilization 8.4% (5.9-11.8) 14
 Lifetime utilizationa 20.3% (14.6-26.0) 5
Active military and veterans
 12-month utilization 9.1% (7.9-10.5) 5
Pediatric populationc
 12-month utilization 8.1% (3.8-20.0) 15
 Lifetime utilizationa 11.1% (4.0-21.6) 18
Individuals with cancer
 12-month utilization 13.0% (11.6-13.0) 5
 Post-diagnosis utilizationd 9.1% (8.0-9.2) 5
 Lifetime utilizationa 14.7% (6.0-36.0) 14
Individuals with chronic pain
 12-month utilization 16.1% (11.3-24.2) 6
 Lifetime utilizationa 23.6% (22.6-35.0) 5
Individuals with back pain
 12-month utilization 31.0% (26.2-37.3) 17
 Lifetime utilizationa 31.9% (24.6-46.0) 6
  1. IQR interquartile range
  2. aLifetime utilization = use in more than past 12 months
  3. bOlder adults: ≥55 years of age
  4. cPediatric population: ≤ 18 years of age
  5. dPost-diagnosis utilization = lifetime use of chiropractic services following being diagnosed with cancer