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Table 5 Use of diagnostic assessment procedures by chiropractors in patient care (17 studies)

From: The chiropractic profession: a scoping review of utilization rates, reasons for seeking care, patient profiles, and care provided

Assessment procedure Proportion of use (median, IQR) Number of reporting studies
Static palpation 89.3% (88.4-95.0) 4
Motion palpation 86.5% (78.0-88.5) 4
Spinal examination 79.5% (79.0-80.0) 1a
Orthopedic examination 71.8% (35.5-85.2) 6
Neurological examination 64.6% (54.0-77.0) 6
Soft tissue examination 56.0%b 1
Postural analysis 48.0% (38.0-70.8) 4
General physical examination 35.0% (29.0-100.0) 3
X-rays 35.0% (26.5-59.0) 12
Complete history 31.0% (23.0-71.3) 4
Vital signs 26.5% (18.0-40.2) 5
Extremity examination 20.5% (16.0-25.0) 1a
Examination of lungs 15.8% b 1
Examination of abdomen 13.2% (5.0-21.3) 2
Examination of mouth 13.0% b 1
Examination of heart 10.7% (5.0-16.4) 2
Laboratory tests/referral 6.8% (5.0-14.2) 6
Magnetic resonance imaging 1.3% (1.0-2.2) 3
Computerized tomography 1.9% (0.3-1.9) 1a
  1. IQR interquartile range
  2. aThe study consisted of more than one sample and reported the proportion of use for a given assessment procedure within each sample. IQR was calculated using the proportion of use reported in each sample
  3. bNo IQR reported