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Table 3 Opinions of chiropractic students on chiropractic spinal adjustments from years 1 through to 5, as well as the combination of years 4 and 5 (“4/5”)

From: How frequent are non-evidence-based health care beliefs in chiropractic students and do they vary across the pre-professional educational years

Question: In your opinion, can chiropractic spinal adjustments n Year Definitely not Don’t know Yes, probably
Probably not   Yes, definitely
n (%)[95% CI] n (%)[95% CI] n (%)[95% CI]
Prevent disease in general 153 1 64 (41) [34–50] 39 (26) [20–33] 50 (33) [25–41]
77 2 31 (40) [29–52] 23 (30) [20–41] 23 (30) [20–41]
103 3 41 (40) [30–50] 21 (20) [13–30] 41 (40) [30–50]
86 4 55 (64) [53–74] 17 (20) [12–30] 14 (16) [9–26]
25 5 10 (40) [21–63] 10 (40) [21–63] 5 (20) [7–41]
111 4/5 65 (59) [49–68] 27 (24) [17–33] 19 (17) [11–25]
Prevent chronic back pain 153 1 2 (1) [0–5] 1 (1) [0–4] 150 (98) [94–99]
77 2 1 (1) [0–7] 5 (7) [2–15] 71 (92) [84–97]
103 3 2 (2) [0–7] 10 (10) [5–17] 90 (88) [79–93]
86 4 5 (6) [2–13] 6 (7) [3–15] 75 (87) [78–93]
25 5 1 (4) [0–20] 2 (8) [1–26] 22 (88) [69–98]
111 4/5 6 (6) [2–11] 8 (7) [3–14] 97 (87) [78–93]
Help the immune system 153 1 30 (20) [13–27] 34 (22) [16–30] 88 (58) [49–66]
77 2 12 (16) [8–26] 19 (24) [16–36] 46 (60) [48–71]
103 3 24 (23) [16–33] 29 (28) [20–38] 50 (49) [39–59]
86 4 27 (31) [22–42] 22 (26) [17–36] 37 (43) [32–54]
25 5 2 (8) [1–25] 10 (40) [21–61] 13 (52) [31–72]
111 4/5 29 (26) [18–35] 32 (29) [21–38] 50 (45) [36–55]
Make it easier to give birth 153 1 21 (13) [9–20] 57 (37) [30–45] 75 (49) [41–57]
77 2 7 (9) [4–18] 24 (31) [21–43] 46 (60) [48–71]
103 3 16 (16) [9–24] 33 (32) [23–42] 54 (52) [42–62]
86 4 17 (20) [12–30] 31 (36) [26–47] 38 (44) [34–55]
25 5 1 (4) [0–20] 8 (32) [15–54] 16 (64) [43–82]
111 4/5 18 (16) [10–24] 39 (35) [26–54] 54 (48) [39–58]
Improve the health of infants 153 1 16 (11) [6–16] 46 (30) [23–38] 91 (60) [51–67]
77 2 4 (5) [1–13] 23 (30) [20–41] 50 (65) [53–76]
103 3 10 (10) [5–17] 37 (36) [27–46] 56 (55) [44–64]
86 4 12 (14) [7–23] 28 (33) [23–44] 45 (53) [41–63]
25 5 3 (12) [3–31] 6 (24) [9–45] 16 (64) [43–82]
111 4/5 15 (14) [9–22] 34 (31) [26–45] 61 (54) [39–58]
Help the body function at 100% of its capacity 153 1 17 (11) [7–17] 18 (12) [7–18] 118 (77) [70–84]
77 2 4 (5) [1–13] 10 (13) [6–23] 63 (82) [71–90]
103 3 10 (10) [5–17] 15 (15) [8–23] 78 (76) [66–84]
86 4 12 (14) [7–23] 15 (17) [10–27] 59 (69) [58–78]
25 5 1 (4) [0–20] 3 (12) [3–31] 21 (84) [64–96]
111 4/5 13 (10) [6–19] 18 (16) [10–24] 80 (72) [63–80]
Prevent degeneration of the spine 153 1 3 (2) [0–4] 14 (9) [5–15] 136 (89) [82–93]
77 2 3 (4) [1–11] 8 (10) [5–19] 66 (86) [76–93]
103 3 17 (17) [10–25] 15 (15) [8–23] 71 (69) [59–77]
86 4 26 (30) [21–41] 16 (19) [11–28] 44 (51) [40–62]
25 5 5 (20) [7–41] 3 (12) [3–31] 17 (68) [47–85]
111 4/5 31 (28) [20–37] 19 (17) [11–25] 61 (55) [45–64]