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Table 3 Patient survey responses regarding AAR, tobacco use, and quit assistance

From: Systems change to improve tobacco use identification and referral in the chiropractic setting: a pilot study

Survey response Answered “Yes,” No. (%)
30-day follow-up 3-month follow-up
AAR (n = 15) (n = 6)
 Advised to quit 15 (100.0) 6 (100.0)
 Referred to state quit program 14 (93.3) 6 (100.0)
Tobacco use at NEC (n = 15) (n = 6)
 Used cigarettes 13 (86.7) 6 (100.0)
 Used ENDS 3 (20.0) 0 (0)
 Used other tobacco products 3 (20.0) 0 (0)
Currently use (n = 15) (n = 6)
 Currently quit all tobacco products 2 (13.3) 1 (16.7)
 Used tobacco in last 7 days 13 (86.7) 5 (83.3)
 Used tobacco in last 30 days 13 (86.7) 5 (83.3)
 Quit for one day or longer since NEC 9 (60.0) 4 (66.7)
  (n = 6) (n = 1)
 Intend to quit in near future 5 (83.3) 1 (100.0)
Quit assistance (n = 9) (n = 5)
 Made a quit plan 3 (33.3) 3 (60.0)
 Contacted state quit program 2 (22.2 3 (60.0)
 Contacted LPHU 1 (11.1) 0 (0)
  (n = 8) (n = 5)
 Received one-on-one counseling 1 (12.5) 2 (40.0)
 Used medication 2 (25.0) 0 (0)
  1. AAR Ask, Advise, Refer; ENDS Electronic nicotine delivery systems; LPHU Local public health unit; NEC New episode of care
  2. Results of the follow-up patient survey at 30 days and 3 months. Respondents included NEC patients identified as tobacco users. Implementation of AAR, tobacco use, and quit assistance was addressed. The number of respondents is provided in parentheses