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Table 2 Cost components included in the societal and healthcare perspectives

From: Cost-effectiveness of spinal manipulation, exercise, and self-management for spinal pain using an individual participant data meta-analysis approach: a study protocol

Cost component Perspective
Healthcare Societal
Formal healthcare sector
 Paid for by third-party payers X X
 Paid for by patients X X
Informal healthcare sector
 Patient time X
 Transportation costs X
Non-healthcare sector
 Productivity costs (paid and unpaid labor) X