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Table 1 Interexaminer reliability- Expanded vertebra agreement- Pragmatic approach to assess segmental stiffness

From: The interrater reliability of static palpation of the thoracic spine for eliciting tenderness and stiffness to test for a manipulable lesion

Spinal level Kappa 95%CI PABAK 95% CI Indicates Kappa max
T1–3 − 0.20 − 0.46, 0.07 0.09 − 0.24, 0.42 Slight agreement −0.19
T2–4 −0.25 − 0.38, − 0.12 0.20 −0.12, 0.52 Slight agreement −0.25
T3–5 0.12 −0.26, 0.50 0.60 0.33, 0.86 Moderate agreement 0.20
T4–6 −0.07 −0.14, 0.00 0.71 0.48, 0.95 Substantial agreement −0.09
T5–7 −0.01 −0.01, 0.00 0.89 0.73, 1.00 Almost perfect agreement −0.01
T6–8 −0.06 −0.12, 0.00 0.77 0.56, 0.98 Substantial agreement −0.06
T7–9 −0.03 −0.07, 0.01 0.89 0.73, 1.00 Almost perfect agreement −0.03
T8–10 −0.05 −0.14, 0.04 0.60 0.33, 0.86 Moderate agreement −0.20
T9–11 0.30 −0.06, 0.66 0.54 0.26, 0.82 Moderate agreement 0.46
T10–12 0.05 −0.28, 0.37 0.31 −0.01, 0.63 Fair agreement 0.07