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Table 2 Interexaminer reliability- Expanded vertebra agreement- Standardized approach to assess segmental stiffness

From: The interrater reliability of static palpation of the thoracic spine for eliciting tenderness and stiffness to test for a manipulable lesion

Spinal level Kappa 95%CI PABAK 95% CI Indicates Kappa max
T1–3 −0.13 −0.34, 0.08 − 0.24 −0.56, 0.09 Below chance agreement −0.33
T2–4 0.04 −0.25, 0.33 0.41 0.10, 0.72 Moderate agreement 0.09
T3–5 −0.05 −0.15, 0.04 0.53 0.24, 0.81 Moderate agreement −0.14
T4–6 −0.11 −0.20, − 0.03 0.59 0.32, 0.86 Moderate agreement −0.13
T5–7 −0.10 − 0.17, − 0.02 0.65 0.39, 0.90 Substantial agreement − 0.09
T6–8 − 0.06 −0.12, 0.00 0.76 0.55, 0.98 Substantial agreement −0.06
T7–9 0.06 −0.29, 0.41 0.35 0.04, 0.67 Fair agreement 0.07
T8–10 0.30 −0.07, 0.66 0.53 0.24, 0.81 Moderate agreement 0.46
T9–11 −0.10 −0.23, 0.02 0.41 0.10, 0.72 Moderate agreement −0.22
T10–12 −0.05 −0.15, 0.04 0.53 0.24, 0.81 Moderate agreement −0.14