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Table 3 Interexaminer reliability- Expanded vertebra agreement- Pragmatic approach to assess segmental tenderness

From: The interrater reliability of static palpation of the thoracic spine for eliciting tenderness and stiffness to test for a manipulable lesion

Spinal level Kappa 95%CI PABAK 95% CI Indicates Kappa max
T1–3 0.41 0.04, 0.78 0.66 0.41, 0.91 Substantial agreement 0.67
T2–4 0.23 −0.11, 0.58 0.54 0.26, 0.82 Moderate agreement 0.55
T3–5 0.21 −0.16, 0.58 0.54 0.26, 0.82 Moderate agreement 0.35
T4–6 0.64 0.19, 1.00 0.89 0.73, 1.00 Almost perfect agreement 1.00
T5–7 0.52 0.06, 0.99 0.83 0.64, 1.00 Almost perfect agreement 0.62
T6–8 0.36 −0.08, 0.81 0.71 0.48, 0.95 Substantial agreement 0.42
T7–9 0.46 0.06, 0.86 0.71 0.48, 0.95 Substantial agreement 0.52
T8–10 0.41 0.04, 0.77 0.60 0.33, 0.86 Moderate agreement 0.44
T9–11 0.56 0.26, 0.86 0.66 0.41, 0.91 Substantial agreement 0.79
T10–12 0.85 0.65, 1.00 0.89 0.73, 1.00 Almost perfect agreement 1.00