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Table 4 Interexaminer reliability- Expanded vertebra agreement- Standardized approach to assess segmental tenderness

From: The interrater reliability of static palpation of the thoracic spine for eliciting tenderness and stiffness to test for a manipulable lesion

Spinal level Kappa 95%CI PABAK 95% CI Indicates Kappa max
T1–3 0.26 −0.06, 0.58 0.35 0.04, 0.67 Fair agreement 0.39
T2–4 0.25 −0.10, 0.60 0.41 0.10, 0.72 Moderate agreement 0.29
T3–5 0.18 −0.18, 0.55 0.41 0.10, 0.72 Moderate agreement 0.18
T4–6 0.41 0.05, 0.76 0.59 0.32, 0.86 Moderate agreement 0.55
T5–7 0.46 0.10, 0.82 0.65 0.39, 0.90 Substantial agreement 0.56
T6–8 0.36 0.01, 0.70 0.53 0.24, 0.81 Moderate agreement 0.53
T7–9 0.52 0.20, 0.84 0.65 0.39, 0.90 Substantial agreement 0.76
T8–10 0.56 0.28, 0.85 0.65 0.39, 0.90 Substantial agreement 1.00
T9–11 0.41 0.13, 0.70 0.41 0.10, 0.72 Moderate agreement 1.00
T10–12 0.48 0.22, 0.75 0.47 0.17, 0.77 Moderate agreement 0.80