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Table 1 Maximum amplitude of ROM principal motions. Intra-individual variability of the neutral position. Repeatability of the ROM measurement in 50 no neck-related pain volunteers. Annotation: values are presented as mean (standard deviation)

From: Experimental assessment of cervical ranges of motion and compensatory strategies

  Total Neutral position ICC (95%)
Gender (Female) 101 (57)   
Age (y.) 28.3 (7.5)   
Weight (kg) 66.2 (12.4)   
Height (cm) 171 (8.8)   
BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 (3.2)   
Flexion (°) 65.3 (12.2) 3 (2.5) 0.81 (0.68–0.88)
Extension (°) −60.9 (9.2) 6.8 (3.8) 0.81 (0.69–0.89)
Right Rot. (°) 71.2 (8.1) 2.2 (2.2) 0.82 (0.7–0.89)
Left Rot. (°) − 74.5 (8.1) 4.2 (2.1) 0.83 (0.72–0.9)
Right Incl. (°) 43.3 (12.2) 5.3 (2.7) 0.92 (0.86–0.95)
Left Incl. (°) −45.3 (9.2) 1.6 (2.5) 0.80 (0.67–0.88)