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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

From: Fear-avoidance beliefs are associated with a high fat content in the erector spinae: a 1.5 tesla magnetic resonance imaging study

Variable Value
Age (SD) 48.63 (14.73)
Females (%) 13 (52)
Physical Activity (weekly)
 0–2 h (%) 8 (32%)
 2–5 h (%) 6 (24%)
 5–10 h (%) 7 (28%)
  > 10 h (%) 3 (12%)
NPRS (SD) 5.58 (1.91)
FABQ-PA (SD) 14.92 (5.39)
LMM IMAT (SD) 22.03% (11.88)
ES IMAT (SD) 17.72% (11.66)
  1. Abbreviations: FABQ-PA Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire subdomain Physical Activity, LMM Lumbar Multifidus, ES Erector Spinae, IMAT Intramuscular Adipose Tissue, NPRS Numeric Pain Rating Scale, SD standard deviation
  2. NOTE. Values are presented as mean ± SD or %. N = 24