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Table 3 Chiropractors’ clinical management characteristics regarding the frequency of treating patients with low back-related leg pain

From: The profile of chiropractors managing patients with low back-related leg pain: analyses of 1907 chiropractors from the ACORN practice-based research network

Characteristic Never/rarely/ sometimes (n = 364) Often (n = 1543)  
p
Management plan (discussed often) n (%)
 Diet/Nutrition 152 (42.2%) 810 (52.6%) < 0.001
 Smoking/Drugs/Alcohol 71 (19.7%) 401 (26.2%) 0.011
 Physical activity/Fitness 282 (77.9%) 1335 (87.0%) < 0.001
 Occupational health and safety 116 (32.1%) 659 (43.2%) < 0.001
 Pain counselling 63 (17.6%) 403 (26.6%) < 0.001
 Nutritional supplements (including vitamins, minerals, herbs) 110 (30.6%) 597 (38.8%) 0.004
 Medications (including for pain/inflammation) 44 (12.2%) 392 (25.8%) < 0.001
Conditions (treated often) n (%)
 Neck pain: Axial 275 (75.8%) 1509 (97.9%) < 0.001
 Neck pain: Referred/Radicular 35 (9.6%) 1162 (75.3%) < 0.001
 Thoracic pain: Axial 226 (62.4%) 1382 (90.0%) < 0.001
 Thoracic pain: Referred/Radicular 20 (5.6%) 857 (56.1%) < 0.001
 Low back pain: Axial 273 (75.2%) 1525 (99.2%) < 0.001
 Lower limb musculoskeletal disorders 135 (37.3%) 1013 (65.7%) < 0.001
 Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders 137 (37.7%) 1051 (68.5%) < 0.001
 Postural disorders (including lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, scoliosis) 147 (41.6%) 992 (65.9%) < 0.001
 Degenerative spine conditions (including spondylolisthesis) 134 (38.1%) 1070 (71.1%) < 0.001
 Headache disorders 229 (64.9%) 1396 (92.5%) < 0.001
 Migraine disorders 77 (21.8%) 910 (60.3%) < 0.001
 Spine health maintenance/prevention 200 (56.7%) 1158 (76.9%) < 0.001
 Non-musculoskeletal disorders 57 (22.7%) 354 (31.6%) 0.005
Patient groups (treated often) n (%)
 Older people (65 years or over) 196 (54.4%) 1197 (78.0%) < 0.001
 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 4 (1.1%) 29 (1.9%) 0.303
 Pregnant women 81 (22.5%) 613 (40.1%) < 0.001
 Athletes or sports people 115 (32.1%) 819 (53.7%) < 0.001
 People with work-related injuries 74 (21.3%) 594 (39.5%) < 0.001
 People with traffic-related injuries 18 (5.1%) 235 (15.7%) < 0.001
 People receiving post-surgical rehabilitation 11 (3.2%) 109 (7.3%) 0.005
 Non-English speaking ethnic group(s) 9 (2.7%) 108 (7.4%) 0.002
Techniques/methods (used often) n (%)
 Drop-piece techniques/Thompson or similar 167 (46.7%) 843 (55.6%) 0.002
 Biomechanical pelvic blocking/Sacro-Occipital technique 138 (38.3%) 684 (45.3%) 0.017
 Instrument adjusting 170 (47.4%) 810 (53.3%) 0.043
 Chiropractic BioPhysics 14 (4.1%) 64 (4.4%) 0.766
 High velocity, low amplitude adjustment/manipulation/mobilisation 265 (73.8%) 1283 (84.4%) < 0.001
 Applied kinesiology 51 (14.4%) 246 (16.5%) 0.343
 Flexion-distraction 15 (4.2%) 132 (8.9%) 0.004
 Functional neurology 35 (10.0%) 209 (14.2%) 0.040
 Extremity manipulation 169 (47.1%) 939 (61.8%) < 0.001
Musculoskeletal interventions (used often) n (%)
 Dry needling or acupuncture 40 (11.2%) 219 (14.4%) 0.110
 Soft tissue therapy, trigger point therapy, massage therapy, stretching 218 (60.4%) 1036 (67.7%) 0.008
 Electro-modalities (TENS, laser, interferential/ultrasound therapy) 25 (6.9%) 158 (10.4%) 0.047
 Heat/Cryotherapy 40 (11.1%) 273 (18.0%) 0.002
 Orthotics 22 (6.1%) 169 (11.2%) 0.005
 Specific exercise therapy/rehabilitation/injury taping 155 (43.2%) 770 (50.8%) 0.009
  1. P p-value