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Table 1 Description of procedures

From: Neurodynamic tests for patellofemoral pain syndrome: a pilot study

  Prone knee bend test (PKB) Femoral slump test (FST)
1 Patient in prone position with hips in neutral position. Patient in side-lying position. Lower leg held in 90 degrees of hip flexion and stabilized by the patient’s hands. The trunk is in a fully flexed position with the head in a neutral position.
2 Therapist 1 stabilizes the patient’s pelvis with one hand with the other hand placed distally at the tibia. The knee is flexed until the onset of pain/discomfort. Therapist 1 stands behind the patient at the level of the pelvis. One hand stabilizes the pelvis, and the other supports the knee, which is in 90 degrees of flexion. Patient’s foot is placed on the side of the therapist’s trunk. From a flexed hip position, the therapist then extends the hip until the onset of pain/discomfort.
3 Patient describes the location of the pain/discomfort (knee, thigh, groin, back, other). The response is noted by therapist 2. Patient describes the location of the pain/discomfort (knee, thigh, groin, back, other). The response is noted by therapist 2.
4 Therapist 2 measures flexion ROM in the knee with a universal goniometer. Therapist 2 measures extension ROM in the hip with a universal goniometer (starting point/0 degrees of extension is chosen at 90 degrees of hip flexion, and extension is measured from here).
5 Therapist 1 then flexes the knee until the end of the ROM Therapist 1 then extends the hip until end of the ROM
6 The patient is asked to grade the pain/discomfort on NPRS The patient is asked to grade the pain/discomfort on NPRS
7   The patient is asked to flex the neck and also to tell if their pain/discomfort is changing. The response is noted.
  1. PKB Prone knee bend test
  2. FST Femoral slump test
  3. ROM Range of motion
  4. NPRS Numeric pain rating scale