Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Summary of retrieved records included in the qualitative synthesis

From: The efficacy of muscle energy techniques in symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects: a systematic review

Author Sample size (n) Population Purpose Protocol Duration Anatomical administration of MET Outcome Pre-VAS Post-VAS Pre- ROM Post-ROM Other
Ballantyne et al. [22] 40 Asymptomatic participants Flexibility increase 1 session Hamstring Increased ROM n/a n/a 167.3° 170.0° n/a
Bindra [10] 30 Patients with chronic LBP Effect of technique 6 sessions Sacroiliac joint Decreased Pain 6.5 1.6 n/a n/a Oswestry disability index
Burns et al. [33] 18 Asymptomatic participants Flexibility increase 1 session Cervical spine Increased ROM n/a n/a 71.5° + 3.9° n/a
Cassidy et al. [14] 100 Mechanical neck pain patients Effect of technique 1 session Upper trapezius Pain decreased more than ROM improved n/a n/a n/a n/a NRS-101 pain score (pre 37.7 vs post 20.4)
Fryer et al. [15] 52 Asymptomatic participants Flexibility increase 1 session Atlanto-axial joint Increased ROM n/a n/a 52.41° 59.06° n/a
Fryer et al. [34] 12 Asymptomatic participants Neurophysiological responses 1 session L5/S1 segment bilaterally Decreased motor excitability (increased silent period and decreased H reflex) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Hamilton et al. [16] 90 Asymptomatic participants Effect of technique 1 session Sub-occipital region No difference in pressure pain thresholds n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Kamali et al. [35] 46 Women with thoracic Kyphosis Effect of technique 15 sessions Thoracic spine Reduced Kyphosis and increased Strength n/a n/a n/a n/a Sitting kyphosis angle pre 45.7°
Sitting kyphosis angle post 40.6°
Küçükşen et al. [17] 82 Patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis Effect of technique 8 sessions Elbow Improvement on strength, pain and function 7.39 3.28 n/a n/a DASH score pre 46.7 post 22.7
Laudner et al. [36] 39 Asymptomatic participants Effect of technique 12 sessions Pectoralis minor Increased muscle length, Decreased forward scapular position n/a n/a n/a n/a Pectorali s length pre 8.0 post 8.8, Scapular position pre 13.6 post 12.1
Lenehan et al. [21] 59 Asymptomatic participants Increase trunk ROM 1 session Thoracic spine Increased ROM n/a n/a 26.4° 36.7° n/a
Moore et al. [37] 61 Asymptomatic Athletes Flexibility increase 1 session Glenohumeral joint Increased Joint mobility n/a n/a −13.5 −8.5 n/a
Nagrale et al. [38] 60 Patients with non-specific neck pain Effect of technique 12 sessions Upper trapezius Pain and Disability reduction 8.2 6.1 n/a n/a Neck disability index pre: 42.9 and post: 31.9
Oliveira-Campelo et al. [39] 117 Patients with unilateral latent trigger points Effect of technique 1 session Upper trapezius Improves cervical motion and pain pressure sensitivity n/a n/a 57.4 58.7 n/a
Phadke et al. [13] 60 Neck pain population Effect of technique 6 days Upper trapezius and levator scapulae Decreased VAS 5.5 1.64 n/a n/a n/a
Sadria et al. [12] 64 Patients with latent trigger points Effect of technique 1 session Upper trapezius Decreased VAS and increased ROM 7.61 6.65 5.68 cm 6.56 cm n/a
Sakshi et al. [40] 30 Patients with chronic neck pain Effect of technique 8 sessions Suboccipitalis, upper trapezius, and pectoralis major Reduced Pain 6.4 1.6 n/a n/a Disability index pre 34.9 post 11.9
Schenk et al. [41] 18 Asymptomatic participants Effect of technique 7 sessions Cervical region Increased ROM n/a n/a Flexion: 51.8°
Extention: 69.1°
L Rotation: 35.6°
R Rotation: 35.2°
Flexion: 54.4°
Extention: 71.9°
L Rotation: 40.8°
R rotation: 43.4°
n/a
Schenk et al. [18] 26 Asymptomatic patients Flexibility increase 8 sessions Lumbar region Increased ROM n/a n/a 13.8° 36.7° n/a
Selkow et al. [7] 20 Patients with non-specific LBP Effect of technique 1 session Lumbar region Decreased pain 2.9 2.5 n/a n/a n/a
Shadmehr et al. [20] 30 Female with Knee Rom impairment Effect of technique 10 sessions Hamstrings Increased ROM n/a n/a 145.1° 167.2° n/a
Smith et al. [19] 40 Asymptomatic participants Flexibility increase 2 sessions Hamstrings Increased ROM n/a n/a 145.5° 154.0° n/a
Tanwar et al. [42] 30 Patients with plantar fasciitis Effect of technique 18 sessions Gastrocnemius Increased ROM and reduced pain 6.46 2.2 6.73 14.53 n/a
Ulger et al. [9] 113 Patients with chronic low back pain Effect of manual therapy 18 sessions Low back Pain reduction and increase of functional parameters 6.9 2.08 n/a n/a n/a
Wilson et al. [8] 8 Patients with acute low back pain Effect of technique 8 sessions Low back Change in ODI score (functional improvement) n/a n/a n/a n/a Oswestry Disability Index pre 45 post 7
Yeganeh Lari et al. [11] 60 Female with latent trigger points Effect of technique 4 sessions Upper trapezius Decreased VAS and increased ROM 6.8 4.6 23.8° 31.1° n/a