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Table 1 Table 1

From: Potential treatment effect modifiers for manipulative therapy for children complaining of spinal pain.Secondary analyses of a randomised controlled trial

Eligibility criteria Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Pain was spinal and still present at the time of the interview Spinal pain equal to or greater than 3 on an 11-box Numerical Rating Scale for more than 3 days Serious pathology (cancer, inflammatory diseases, vertebral fractures, cauda equina syndrome)
Parent had agreed, on behalf of the child, to inclusion in the RCT   Fever and/or weight loss
Nightly pain
Unexplainable bruises
No manual treatment of the spine during the previous 2 months   Handicaps preventing normal physical activity